Buprenorphine Abuse Treatment
Buprenorphine is derived from opium. It falls in the class of opioids or synthetic opiates. The drug is however a mild form of opiates but would produce effects similar to those of other opiates like heroin, morphine, oxycodone and hydrocodone. However, one thing you would need to acknowledge is that, buprenorphine is used in the treatment of addictions from these drugs. This is because despite producing similar effects, it incorporates less risk especially as pertaining to development of physical dependency.
In addition, it produces less degree of respiratory depression and sedation than those other drugs and does not impair the motor or cognitive skills. It acts by hindering the effects of the drugs which an individual is addicted to through binding to similar receptors of opiates as the other drug.
Buprenorphine incorporates withdrawal symptoms in which case, as the dosages increase, the effects would also increase up to a particular level. This means that buprenorphine would carry less risk of abuse as compared to others.
However, when it is used for long periods of times, an individual would find it difficult to leave the drug alone. This is because of build up of tolerance in the body. In this case, their bodies have become used to the drugs and any attempt to stay without it will trigger serious withdrawal symptoms. Individuals will find themselves increasing the amounts prescribed or even the frequency of taking the drug in order to feel the initial effects.
It would be important to acknowledge that with increased dosages, the ceiling effects would result in withdrawal symptoms from Buprenorphine. This therefore means that buprenorphine abuse would be more likely to occur in low dosages than in high dosages. Buprenorphine can also be abused through combining it with other narcotics, alcohol or depressants. When prescribed, the drug is supposed to be taken by placing it beneath the tongue. However, there are individuals who abuse them by injecting them into their blood stream, crushing them, snorting, or even dissolving them in water.
Common side effects associated with abuse of buprenorphine include headaches, sweating, insomnia, vomiting, nausea, mood swings and restlessness. It would be important that any individual seeking to leave the drug does not do so on his or her own but instead seek medical assistance 1-800-303-2482.
Treatment of buprenorphine abuse is best done in a rehabilitation center. In this case, the individual would be taken through three stages. At the initial stage, the patient will undergo detoxification in order to remove the toxic effects of buprenorphine. The most effective method used in this process is rapid detoxification in which case the patient is put under anesthesia then the body cleans itself of the impurities. The patient is therefore spared of the painful withdrawal symptoms they would have had to endure.
On the second phase, the patient undergoes psychological counseling in order to determine the underlying factors. In this case, the patient would be helped to overcome these predisposing factors though counseling. This is complemented by emotional counseling or behavioral modification in which case the patients are taught on substituting negative with positive behavior. All this would only be successful with the support of the addict’s loved one.